Summer is already here! As temperatures grow, so we spend more time out and therefore we need to protect ourselves.

Do not forget that you must use sun protection every day. Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is a unit of measure for the sun protection effect that protects against UVB rays. It shows how much time you can spend in the sun when using it. The simple formula is: you can spend 10 minutes in the sun without burning, SPF 15 will allow you to spend 15 times longer or 150 minutes. But remember that SPF only slows down damage, but does not prevent it!

So apply regularly and wear light clothing to protect yourself.


Do you know that spots are actually signs of damage from the sun?

Spots are formed when melanocytes, which are found on skin cells, produce too much melanin. This pigment naturally protects the skin from UV rays, because it makes it darker. Protect yourself and your loved ones constantly applying sunscreen, especially the most stained parts, such as face, shoulders, and hands.

How Much Is Enough?

It has been proven that most people apply only 25-50% of the recommended amount of sun protection. Apply sunscreen to your body as small as a glass, 15 minutes before going out. Do not forget to apply again in a few hours, especially if you swim or sweat.


The skin of your lips is also susceptible to harmful sun rays. So, protect yourself with a lip balm with SPF.


Sunburn: Treatment and prevention

Sunburn – a term for red, sometimes swollen and painful skin caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Burns can range from mild to severe.

The degree depends on the type of skin and the time of exposure to the sun. sunburn is a serious risk factor for skin cancer.

Due to variations in the intensity of UV radiation that passes through the atmosphere, the risk of burns increases as you approach the equator. The larger the latitude, the lower the intensity of the UV rays.

For a minute per minute, the amount of UV radiation depends on the angle of the sun. The greatest risk is at noon when the sun is directly above you.

Quick facts about burns

  • Sunscreen is caused by ultraviolet light from the sun.
  • In some cases, burns can cause blisters on the skin.
  • Avoiding sunbathing in the first place is better than treating its effects.


Symptoms vary from person to person. Small sunburns usually do not cause anything more than slight redness and tenderness toward the affected areas. Extreme burns can be painful and may require hospital care. In much more severe cases, symptoms include:

  • fever,
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • weakness.

In extreme cases, symptoms of shock may occur, for example:

  • low blood pressure,
  • fainting,
  • Extreme weakness.


Burns may occur in less than 15 minutes, but the damage is often not immediately apparent. After exposure, the skin can be reddened in only 30 minutes, but usually takes 2-6 hours. Pain is usually the most extreme 6-48 hours after exposure. Burns continue to develop for 24-72 hours, sometimes peeling of the skin in 3-8 days.



It is important to start treatment for burns as soon as possible. Burns can lead to permanent damage to the skin and increase the risk of skin cancer. A few simple ways to ease the inconvenience of burns; however, it is important to keep in mind that the best way to alleviate suffering is not to burn:

  • Hydrocortisone Cream – can also help reduce inflammation and itching.
  • Drink water to help rehydrate your skin.
  • Small envelopes – let them guide their course. If someone bursts, clean it with a mild soap and water.
  • Do not use Peeling for the skin.
  • Cool the skin – apply a damp cloth or cloth or take a cold bath.
  • Avoid exposure to the sun – so as not to aggravate burns by exposure to more UV.


A mild burnout usually does not require a doctor’s visit. However, if there are serious symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. The doctor will ask about the symptoms and medical history. A physical examination will be carried out, and for severe cases of sun damage, a person may refer to a doctor who is specialized in skin disorders or a dermatologist.


The best way to avoid burns is to minimize how much time your skin is exposed to sunlight:

  • to sit under the shade,
  • wear a wide hat,
  • to protect eyes with sunglasses,
  • Avoid going out in the hottest part of the day.


Sunscreen, rated as SPF 10, blocks 90% of UVB radiation. Modern sunscreens contain filters for UVA radiation as well as UVB. Although UVA radiation does not cause burns, it contributes to skin aging and an increased risk of skin cancer. Many sunscreens provide wide-range protection, which means they protect against UVA and UVB radiation. Studies have shown that the best protection is achieved by applying 15-30 minutes before exposure, followed by one re-application for 15-30 minutes after the onset of exposure.